This paper tried to evaluate the level of housing conditions in major states of India using functions of crowding like density of population, density of houses, household size, occupancy rate and sufficiency rate with special reference to spatial variation. Results of this paper tried to indicate the level of crowding based on density outside as well as inside the house, and sufficiency of rooms using 2001 census data. Rural and urban houses of Maharashtra and Gujarat are seemed to be overcrowded and that of Kerala and acute shortage is observed in the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra. Urban areas are comparatively better in the case of households with sufficient number of rooms. Anyway with a very unfavourable situation in population density and house density, the favourable level of inside density observed in Kerala is a welcome achievement.
The paper explores public-private partnership (PPP) in the light of persistent state failure, institutional constraints and systematic weakness, which impede the service delivery. The study examines various types of partnership at work for service delivery in metropolitan Bangalore. The first section presents conceptual understanding of PPP in urban context. The second section explores empirical evidence of PPP models in Bangalore, the third section deals with outcomes in terms of efficiency and equity issues. Final section presents policy prescription.
In order to support the required level of economic activities in urban areas it is imperative to maintain mobility of people by providing reliable, comfortable and sustainable transport network so that the people have easy access to their work places, educational centres, recreational places etc. Poor mobility can become a major dampener to the economic growth of the urban centers, hence, a comprehensive policy is required, which offers direction and a framework for future action. This paper tries to discuss the National Urban Transport Policy in brief and its implications related to Comprehensive Mobility Plan, Bus Rapid Transit Projects and feasibility of PPP in urban transport. Finally, it also throws light on the emerging issues or future research areas.
Over the last two decades most large conurbations across the world have undergone a transformation in their architecture as burgeoning planners adopted the path of Mass Rapid Transit System to resolve the ever-increasing problems of congestion, pollution etc. However an infrastructure investment of such a scale warrants extensive research on its consequences. Studies reveal some inevitable impacts of an MRTS on its surrounding land use together with an impact on the adjacent land prices, employment and residential densities and also on the vertical and horizontal city profile. Although the latest paradigm in planning is Transit Oriented Development, the land use that should be optimally allocated around a particular station area has been unexplored. This research paper thus attempts to identify the key factors which accelerate development around an MRTS station and incorporate them in a model for Optimal Land Use Allocation around the same.
This paper examines the basis upon which rural and urban areas are classified all over the world and reiterates the Indian definition of an 'Urban' area. It examines the role of cities as engines of growth and specifies the need for developing rural-urban linkages and planning in a spatial perspective. Further, the paper presents the PURA (Provision of Urban Amenities in Rural Areas) model and analyses the various types of rural-urban and inter rural connectivity. It also looks into the role of private investment in rural areas and the public-private partnership projects to be undertaken. Finally, it takes a brief look at the rural-urban linkages, at international level.
One of the most important features of the newly adopted accrual based double entry accounting systems in the ULBs through Municipal Accounting Reforms, is transparency and accountability i.e. characteristics of good governance. The vacuum between the resources available with ULBs and the resources needed for meeting the growing demands of people in urban settlements for core civic services and urban infrastructure is widening with every percentage growth in urban population. This switch over has ensured accountability, transparency, comparability and improved financial performance of the municipal bodies. It has also ensured improved governance, better delivery of services, resource mobilization and proper utilization of scarce resources. In the process, some of the ULBs have already highlighted a number of success stories in budgeting, financial planning and procurement, in spite of having faced number of challenges. This paper covers the experience and challenges that have been faced in the process of adopting this modern accounting system in the ULBs along with the success stories and the usefulness of this Municipal Reform Agenda.