The Platform supports National Urban Sanitation Missions, States and Towns, by developing and sourcing the best Capacity Building, Policy Guidance, Technological, Institutional, Financial and Behavior Change advise for Non-Sewered Sanitation and FSSM.

This is followed by on-demand support for capacity building and implementation of Non-Sewered Sanitation and FSSM solutions at state and city level.

To sustain capacity building efforts in the long run, SCBP aims to generate a pool of trainers on FSSM through Training of Trainers (ToTs), thereby enabling national training institutes to conduct trainings for cadre of government officials on FSSM.



Given that 49% of the urban population in India (Census 2011) relies on on-site sanitation, such as septic tanks and soak pits, Non-Sewered Sanitation options such as Faecal Sludge and Septage Management (FSSM) are critical for achieving the goals for urban sanitation under various national missions.

FSSM is the collection and transportation of faecal sludge from the containment system, treatment of the sludge at a designated site, followed by safe disposal or reuse of the treated sludge.


All stakeholders ranging from National Missions, State and Town Officials (Public Health, Engineering and Administration), Elected Representatives, Private Sector Consultants, NGOs and Academia.

The Platform provides a sharing and cross learning opportunity for SCBP Partners. To pool in their knowledge resources on all aspects of urban sanitation capacity building. Facilitates joint development of training modules, learning and advocacy material including developing Key Messages and Content. And a platform for sharing and dissemination of FSSM Research, Advocacy and outreach to State governments and Urban Local Bodies. Over the last four years the Platform has produced Training Modules and Learning Content on Decentralised Sanitation solutions, that is now accessed by a larger audience nationally and globally.

  • State Level & National Capacity Building Support : Policy Advise, Training of ULB staff, Research and Advocacy

  • Institutional Capacity Building : Nodal AMRUT Agencies and State Training Institutes Capacity Building and Trainings Support

  • Academia and Private Sector Capacity Building Support and Engagement


Supporting select State governments, their Para state Agencies, Towns and Urban Local Bodies: Capacity building activities are planned to cover all stakeholders involved in the FSSM value chain – government officials, elected representatives, masons, private sector and community.


  1. State Level support-

2. Institutional Capacity Building for FSSM-


2.1 National Training Institutes/Nodal AMRUT training agencies– capacity building support for FSSM trainings:

  • Training of Trainers with faculties from 8 AMRUT Institutes: on FSSM Planning, Integrated Wastewater & Septage Management
  • Resource person support provided for Orientation and Advanced trainings on FSSM
  • Exposure visits on FSSM and Wastewater management to Odisha, Maharashtra and Devanahalli for government officials of AMRUT institutes
  • Training of Trainers with EAWAG-SANDEC for training delivery mechanisms

2.2 Private Sector Capacity Building:

  • National Consultation on private sector engagement in FSSM held in 2017
  • Market Assessment Study conducted and Strategy for Private Sector participation in FSSM developed
  • Training Modules developed and trainings conducted for Engineers and Consultants on FSSM


2.3 Academia Engagement:

  • NIUA initiated a multi-disciplinary engagement with 9 academic institutes to integrate non-sewered sanitation & FSSM into course curriculum through – certificate courses, studios, electives, workshops, faculty development programs, research thesis and capstone projects.
  • National Academia Conclave on Urban Sanitation was organized in 2019 – an annual learning event for students and faculties to discuss, share and reflect upon learnings under this engagement

3. Research and Advocacy for FSSM

3.1 Research-

Developing training modules appropriate for different state contexts (Rajasthan, Uttarakhand) and identified stakeholders

  • Collating and creating Advocacy and Knowledge resources for all stakeholders on different aspects of FSSM service chain
  • Urban Sanitation Research on urban sanitation status, pro-poor implications of existing and
  • proposed plans: for the states of Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Karnataka, Telangana, Jharkhand, UP, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand
  • Research and analysis on business models and contracting framework of FSTPs in India
  • Institutional and Regulatory Framework for FSSM: to document the institutional and regulatory framework for FSSM in Rajasthan and Uttarakhand
  • Compendium of Faecal Sludge Treatment Technologies in India

3.2 Advocacy-

FSSM Workshops, Advocacy and Learning events on Issues and Challenges, Situational Analysis, Financing, Technology of FSSM projects and Behavior Change

  • International Workshop on ‘Decentralized Sanitation Solutions in South-Asia’ during World Toilet Summit 2018 in Mumbai
  • National Workshop on ‘Non-networked Sanitation Systems in India’ held in Mussorie in 2019
  • State-level workshops in Bhopal (2018) and Amritsar (2019) on FSSM