The study looks to establish the correlation between urban form and sustainable development in rapidly expanding Indian cities. It assists in identifying gaps in the knowledge, policies and practices relating to sustainable urban form in Indian cities. For the purpose, two cities, Rajkot and Faridabad have been selected and studied at the city and neighbourhood level. The characteristics for each level differ considerably. Social structure, economic structure, services and infrastructure availability, land use configuration, communication and transportation facilities, demographic trends, city morphology and likely areas for city expansion are studied at the city level. While examining how elements of urban form impact the sustainability of a neighbourhood in terms of density, social characteristics, land use, built form, open spaces, access to services, access to transport facilities and layout plans are studied at the neighbourhood level. In conclusion, the recommendations for the study highlight the need for regulatory and institutional structures, city and regional planning aspects; and micro level interventions (mixed land use, density, transport-land use linkage, open space distribution etc).