Urban education has been severely affected by the spurt of urban population and expanding cities. The present study is thus an endeavour to understand the complexities of education service delivery in urban areas with the objective of reading into state urban education policy. This was undertaken in five selected cities-Jaipur, Hyderabad, Lucknow, Bhillai and Cuttack. Children from the selected squatter settlements in these cities were randomly identified using the following criteria- children attending government schools, children attending private schools, female working children, female non-working and non-school going children, male working children, and male non-working and non-school going children. The study made recommendations that would enable cities to achieve the goal of universal elementary education within the recently promulgated rights framework.