Mr. Soule made a presentation on urban planning in the US and APA's international programs including ongoing engagements with China. Mr. Soule mentioned that in pursuit of APA's current emphasis on balancing between culture, sustainability and modernity, they focus on
1) smart growth
2) sustainability and
3) historic urban landscape
Dr. Bhatt's presentation focused on long-term policy and techno-economic options for New York based on situation analysis on energy-water management scenarios in the city. Further, he discussed about the city level initiatives to reduce CO2 emissions and the current capabilities for tracking emissions at all stages of energy use in the city. He also shared his experience of customizing the MARKAL Model from national level to city scale and the associated learning experiences.