AFFORDABLE & SUSTAINABLE HOUSING AGGREGATOR

  • Housing Information Repository
Context

Development of sustainable housing refers to not only the development of building but also the layout of the housing areas. Currently, housing affordability is seen as how to make housing economically viable while other important issues of sustainability are largely ignored. However, in recent times focus from only to economics is slowly changing towards accommodating social and environmental issues of sustainability. Sustainable housing has the potential to produce good quality housing at a price that is affordable both in the short and long term (Choguill, 1994) . Affordable housing also limits the cost of housing because households should not pay more than 30% of their household income. If households spend more than 30% of the household income on housing it implies they are in housing stress. Therefore, it is a real challenge for both facilitator and provider to provide affordable housing, which is also sustainable. As we know sustainability does not only mean economically viable but also socially and environmentally sustainable. Therefore, there is a need to trade-off between various sustainable elements to achieve sustainable housing that is affordable. It is unlikely that without using design criteria such as the new urbanism concept and development of housing policy including sustainability agenda, it would be easy to achieve sustainable affordable housing.  

Problem Statement

One of the major reasons for lack of housing development in India is non-availability of reliable and efficient housing data which is "smart" in terms of quantity and quality. It has also been observed that cities lack an effective system in place which collates relevant housing information like basic amenities, services and facilities at city level under one umbrella (housing, environment, transport, water, electricity, energy and health). Hence, the idea of a housing data repository that acts as a confluence node for various departments sharing data frequently without data remaining in silos is required for effective and better analysis, understanding and ultimately decision making. Issues of concern in the housing sector

  • Land availability/cost issues.
  • Lack of planned planning & development at city level.
  • Lack of estimated data of population requiring houses.
  • Lack of updated data concerning housing with concerned departments.
  • Lack of integration among different departments
  • Absence of sustainable environment in terms of good quality of air/water, safe public spaces, disaster preparedness, health & sanitation etc.
  • Informal employment/migration is increasing demand of housing at city level.
Objective

Main Objective

  • To create a city level housing data repository

Specific Objectives

  • To understand the existing housing data system in the cities
  • To create a standardized data feeding and sharing platform within departments
  • To develop data architecture for housing at local, state and central level
Project Developement

 To achieve the objectives of the project, team ASHA selected Vishakhapatnam as the first pilot city. They made their first visit to Vizag on June 5, 2019. During the first phase of the project, ASHA team tried to understand the baseline condition, repetitive issues being faced by different departments in ULBs to ensure local governance, housing, transportation and basic civic amenities as well as how implementation of housing schemes are carried out and regulated. Vishakhapatnam is also known as Vizag, it is located along the coast of Bay of Bengal. It is also the financial capital of the state of Andhra Pradesh and located on the north-east coast of the state. It is a port city and industrial hub of Andhra Pradesh. Vishakhapatnam is a first city to come up with Integrated Control and Command Centre (ICCC) for better administration of the city and serving the citizens by using new technologies like GPS Tracking System, IOT sensors along with mobile and web application to improve and smoothen ground level mechanisms.  

Expected Outcomes

ASHA is a digital data repository platform which will provide the following solutions:

  • Fast track data capturing for housing-related basic services & utilities
  • Spatial representation of data can be used for developing master plans
  • Exchange of data among departments will reduce dependency and delays
  • Facilitate better monitoring and decision making for housing development and review of related schemes and policies
  • Facilitate speedy delivery of required amenities in different zones of city for water supply, telecom, sewerage, electricity etc. 
  • Improve environment and sustainability in terms of good quality of air/water, safe public spaces, disaster preparedness, health & sanitation etc.
Actual Result

It serves as the base for all housing-related data in a city and empowers city administrators and citizens make efficient and effective data-driven decisions that require prior attention related to housing in their city.

Conclusion

Solutions provided by ASHA repository includes spatial representation of housing related data which can be utilized for development of master plans, availability of urban infrastructure, facilitation of better monitoring and robust decision making for housing development, review of related schemes and policies, improvement in environment and sustainability in terms of good quality of air/water, safe public spaces, disaster preparedness, health & sanitation.