Electricity Consumption in the City
The indicator assesses the amount of electricity that is used by the city and encourages lower consumption per capita in comparison to the best performing cities.
Total Electrical Energy in the City Derived from Renewable Sources
The indicator encourages the replacement of existing electricity generation from fossil fuels with cleaner renewable energy sources.
Fossil Fuel Consumption in the City
The indicator will assess the amount of fossil fuels (kL) i.e. Petrol, Diesel, CNG, LPG, PNG, utilized in the city.
Energy Efficient Street Lighting in the City
The indicator will assess the extent to which cities have adopted use of energy efficient and renewable energy operated streetlights. Energy efficient streetlights should have lamps with luminous efficacy of more than 85 lumens per watt (e.g. LED, Sodium vapor lamps etc.)
Promotion of Green Buildings
Compliance and implementation procedures for various green building norms at city level requires integration of these provisions in the General Development Control Regulations (GDCRs), building byelaws/rules, formation of green building cells/ equivalent in ULBs etc. Green buildings are defined by established rating systems including Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED), Excellence in Design for Greater Efficiencies (EDGE), Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA), Indian Green Building Council (IGBC), Green and Eco-friendly Movement (GEM).
Green Building Adoption
The indicator incentivizes the city for promoting green building with respect to the total number of buildings approved for construction and occupancy in the city for the assessment year. Green buildings are defined by established rating systems including Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED), Excellence in Design for Greater Efficiencies (EDGE), Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA), Indian Green Building Council (IGBC), Green and Eco-friendly Movement (GEM).
Rejuvenation and Conservation of Water Bodies and Open Areas
This indicator assesses if the city is undertaking rejuvenation and conservation of water bodies & open areas thus trying to combat the heat-island effect.
Proportion of Green Cover
To what extent is the city developing and increasing its green cover. Green Cover, defined as natural or planted vegetation covering a certain area of terrain, functioning as protection against soil erosion, protecting the fauna, and balancing the temperature. For the purpose of this indicator, green areas are defined as man-made city level and zonal/district level greens; and reserved/protected areas as per MoHUA's Urban Green Guidelines, 2014 and protected areas under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, to be considered.
To what extent is the city acting for protection, conservation and management of urban biodiversity
To what extent the city is prepared and resilient to tackle natural and manmade disasters and if it aligns with the Sendai Framework for DRR, NDMA Guidelines (2010, 2014, 2019) and MoHUA's SOP on Urban Flooding (2017).
City Climate Action Plan
Climate Action Plan (mitigation and adaptation) has to be prepared and implemented by the city. It should be developed in a comprehensive manner covering all sectors, including waste management, integrated water management, mobility and air pollution, energy and green buildings; biodiversity, green cover, disaster risk preparedness and urban planning. The plan has to propose actions for both climate change mitigation and adaptation based on a GHG emissions inventory and a climate change vulnerability assessment respectively, addressing all sectors listed above. Regular monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of the plan is essential to qualify and quantify the measures implemented for achieving accountability, and improved impact.
Percentage of coverage of Non-Motorized Transport network (pedestrian and bicycle) in the city
This indicator assesses the network length for dedicated cycle lanes/ tracks and footpath in the city on major road network (all arterial, sub-arterial roads and public transport corridors).
Level of Air Pollution
A city level air-quality monitoring grid is important to generate holistic data, helps to assess the risks, implements control measures and assesses other climate smart strategies adopted by the city. The city is encouraged to assess to what extent it has achieved National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS),2009. The National Clean Air Programme sets a target of 20-30 percent reduction of air pollution levels with 2017 as the base year. A city level air-quality monitoring grid is important to generate holistic data, helps to assess the risks, implements control measures and assesses other climate smart strategies adopted by the city.
Clean Air Action Plan
Cities should take onus for providing healthy air quality to the citizens. Clean Air Action Plans mandated by the National Clean Air Programme (2019) of Government of India integrate the cumulative city level actions for better air quality. For a city to be climate smart it should be able to address the issues of reducing air and climate pollutants since both air and climate pollutants arise from similar sources and addressing one has a direct co benefit to the other. Clean Air is integral for achieving climate smartness by a city.
Water Resources Management
This indicator is to assess whether the city is on course to meet the future water demand. The indicator requires an assessment of both current and future water availability; and corresponding current and future water demand. Given that many cities depend significantly on ground water resources to augment piped water supply, it is expected that both surface and groundwater assessments would have been conducted.
Water/Flood Stagnation Risk Management
Urban flood is defined as 'the submergence of usually dry area by a large amount of water that comes from sudden excessive rainfall, an overflowing river or lake, melting snow or an exceptionally high tide'. This indicator assesses the preparedness of the city to address the risk of flooding and water stagnation. Here, water stagnant for more than four hours of a depth more than six inches is considered as water stagnation.