Research Studies

Research Study: 115 | Publication Date: April 2012

Slum improvement and upgradation is followed as a strategy for urban poverty alleviation. It is unclear as to what the productivity pay-off of the investments were that such a strategy should entail, the critical issue being whether such investments were just a subsidy or did these bring about tangible social and economic gains. In this context, a pilot study of two slums in the city of Bhopal was undertaken - one upgraded and improved slum while the other without any improvements. In both these slums, the inputs that affect economic productivity were mainly access to...

Research Study: 114 | Publication Date: December 2010

Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) in India are getting grants from the Central Government as well as from the State Governments. These central and state grants are mainly based on the recommendations of Central Finance Commissions (CFCs) and State Finance Commissions (SFCs). This study thus focuses on various devolution packages and system of grants-in-aid suggested by the SFCs and CFCs in the five selected states and ten selected ULBs. These are: Madhya Pradesh (Bhopal and Ujjain); Orissa (Bhubneshwar and Puri); Tamil Nadu (Chennai, Vellore and Alandur); Gujarat (Ahmedabad and...

Research Study: 113 | Publication Date: March 2011

The present study documents ten urban transport initiatives / projects undertaken or are being undertaken in ten cities of India. It covers four Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) projects of Ahmedabad, Pimpri-Chinchwad, Visakhapatnam, Jaipur; five modern city bus services of Jalandhar, Jabalpur, Surat, Vadodara and Jalgaon; and multilevel underground parking project of Kolkata. Apart from Jaipur Public Transport (through BRT and modern city bus service) project, the remaining are Public-Private Partnership (PPP) based projects. For each, the study documents description of...

Research Study: 112 | Publication Date: March 2011

The study looks to establish the correlation between urban form and sustainable development in rapidly expanding Indian cities. It assists in identifying gaps in the knowledge, policies and practices relating to sustainable urban form in Indian cities. For the purpose, two cities, Rajkot and Faridabad have been selected and studied at the city and neighbourhood level. The characteristics for each level differ considerably. Social structure, economic structure, services and infrastructure availability, land use configuration, communication and transportation facilities,...

Research Study: 110 | Publication Date: July 2008

Urban Poverty Reduction Strategies (UPRSs) for 11 cities have been prepared under the GOI-UNDP Project on National Strategy for the Urban Poor. These eleven cities comprise of two mega cities (Kolkata and Chennai), three cities with 4 million plus population (Ahmedabad, Bangalore and Hyderabad) and five cities with 1 million plus population (Ludhiana, Chandigarh, Jaipur, Pune, Indore) and Ambala (a non-JNNURM city for an alternative perspective). The main focus of the UPRS was to improve the living conditions of the urban poor and advance their quality of life. Thus the...

Research Study: 110 | Publication Date: July 2008

Urban Poverty Reduction Strategies (UPRSs) for the city of Jaipur has been prepared under the GOI-UNDP Project on National Strategy for the Urban Poor. The main focus of UPRS was to improve the living conditions of the urban poor and advance their quality of life. It lays emphasis on sub-sectoral strategies that are aimed at leveraging resources for addressing the needs of the urban poor, promote urban poor participation in the UPRS, and promote pro-poor institutional reforms. The strategy is based on the analysis of the access to basic infrastructure and attempts to...

Research Study: 109 | Publication Date: September 2008

The study identifies the key areas of reform based on best practices and proposes guidelines drawing lessons from the reforms already underway that could be adopted to ease licensing procedures and property registration in India. The guidelines are based on best practices/reforms already underway in different countries and cities. These include, Delhi, Ludhiana, Indore, Lucknow, Kolkata, Ranchi, Mumbai, Surat, Bangalore and Trivandrum.

As the study highlights Bangalore, Delhi and Surat involve least procedures in obtaining construction license....

Research Study: 98 | Publication Date: December 2004

Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) in India often face the pressure of inadequate resources to meet recurring expenditure and investment needs for core urban civic services. However, these authorities are making concerted efforts to enhance their resource base through a series of reforms at local levels. Several ULBs in Tamil Nadu is making rapid strides in resource mobilisation and capacity building at local levels by implementing accrual accounting systems, enabling regular revision of property taxes, facilitating public-private partnerships, offering incentives for better...

Research Study: 93 | Publication Date: June 2003

Urban education has been severely affected by the spurt of urban population and expanding cities. The present study is thus an endeavour to understand the complexities of education service delivery in urban areas with the objective of reading into state urban education policy. This was undertaken in five selected cities-Jaipur, Hyderabad, Lucknow, Bhillai and Cuttack. Children from the selected squatter settlements in these cities were randomly identified using the following criteria- children attending government schools, children attending private schools, female...

Research Study: 61 | Publication Date: January 1998

Urban India is in the midst of a transformation. In an era of economic reforms, liberalisation and globalisation, cities and towns are emerging as the centres of domestic and international investment. This is primarily due to their advantages of aggolmeration and the economies of scale and scope. The cities have been the locations of industrial and commercial activities and seats of government. Further, modern educational, health and entertainment facilities are most plentifully available at the city locations. Being the reservoirs of skill, they offer a wide range of...

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